Masonic orders and degrees


Source: Grand Lodge of British Columbia & Yukon http://freemasonry.bcy.ca/grandlodge.html

The structure of Freemasonry can often appear confusing to the non-mason for many reasons, not the least of which is the fact that Freemasonry has evolved from a two-degree system to a three-degree system and then, as it spread from England into Europe and North America, it either evolved into various multi-grade systems or else recognized other organizations conferring degrees and imparting lessons which were believed to compliment or supplement the first three. Whilst members of the philanthropic club, the Shrine, may style themselves “Shrine Masons”, and members of the Scottish Rite will call themselves “Scottish Rite Masons”, it is only the fact that they have received the first three degrees, and continue to be members of a Craft lodge, that permits them to call themselves freemasons.

Adding to the confusion, in North America there are three Scottish Rite bodies, the Canadian Jurisdiction, Southern Jurisdiction and the Northern Jurisdiction, which have slightly different titles for their degrees. In South America and Mexico the Grand Lodges will have absorbed variations of either the York or Scottish Rite degrees into their systems and often there will be two or more Grand Lodges in one geographical jurisdiction—generally one styled a Grand Lodge and the other a Grand Orient—each conferring a different set of degrees.

In Europe, what they term the Scottish Rite more closely resembles various eighteenth century European rites than it does the North American model.

To complete the confusion, historically in the United Kingdom there were some lodges working what was once termed the York Ritewhich included the Supreme Order of the Holy Royal Arch. The numerous degrees and orders of the York or American Rite, that is those of the Chapter, Council and the Temple, exist in the United Kingdom, but are organized quite differently than in Canada and the United States. For example, the Mark Master degree is conferred by either lodges or Royal Arch Chapters in Scotland and in lodges of Mark Master Masons in England.

Craft Freemasonry

 Entered Apprentice

 Fellowcraft
 Master Mason

Concordant or Appendant Bodies

York Rite

Royal Arch Masons

Mark Master

Virtual Past Master

Most Excellent Master

Supreme Order of the Holy Royal Arch

Council of Royal and Select Masters (Cryptic Rite)

Royal Master

Select Master

Super Excellent Master

Royal Ark Mariner

Preceptory of Knights Templar

Illustrious Order of the Red Cross

Order of Saint Paul

Order of Saint John or Malta

Order of the Knights Templar

The Scottish Rite organisation is a little different in Canada, as are the Capitular and Cryptic systems (often mislabeled, as above, as the York Rite), while the Allied Masonic Degrees is quite different. The Templar system is about the same in USA and Canada. The Province/State/National organisations are rather different between the two countries and more different than England, Scotland and Ireland. One interesting feature of Ireland is that one must be a Knight Templar for seven years before one can be invited to join the AASR. In England one must be a professing Christian to join the AASR where for simplicity the whole 4-18 is just called the Rose Croix. For information on how these degrees are administered in your jurisdiction, contact your localGrand Lodge.

Scottish Rite

Lodge of Perfection

Secret Master

Perfect Master

Confidential [Intimate] Secretary

Provost and Judge

Intendent of the Building

Elu, or Elected Knight, of the Nine

10° Illustrious Elect or Elu of the Fifteen

11° Sublime Knight Elect, or Elu, of the Twelve

12° [Grand] Master Architect

13° Knight of the Ninth Arch, or Royal Arch of Solomon

14° Grand Elect, Perfect and Sublime Mason, or Perfect Elu

Chapter of Rose Croix

15° Knight of the Sword [of the East]

16° Prince of Jerusalem

17° Knight of the East and West

18° Knight [Prince] Rose Croix

Council of Kadosh

19° [Grand] Pontiff

20° [Grand] Master of Symbolic Lodges

21° Noachite or Prussian Knight

22° Knight of the Royal Axe

23° Chief of the Tabernacle

24° Prince of the Tabernacle

25° Knight of the Brazen Serpent

26° Prince of Mercy

27° Knight Commander of the Temple

28° Knight of the Sun, or Prince Adept

29° Grand Scottish Knight of St. Andrew

30° Knight Kadosh

Consistory of Sublime Princes

31° Inspector Inquisitor Commander

32° Sublime Prince of the Royal Secret

Supreme Council

33° Sovereign Grand Inspector General

Appendant or Adoptive Bodies

Women’s Orders

 Amaranth

 Order of the Eastern Star

 Daughters of the Nile

 White Shrine

Youth Orders

 De Molay

 Job’s Daughters

 Rainbow Girls

Masonic Clubs

 Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine

 Grottoes of North America

 High Twelvians

 National Sojourners

 Sciots

 Societas Rosicruciana in Anglia

 Tall Ceders of Lebanon

Bodies in Amity, also termed Appendant

Royal Order of Scotland

Heredom

Rosy Cross

Red Cross of Constantine

Knight of Rome

Knight of the Red Cross of Constantine

Knight of the Holy Sepulchre

Knight of St John the Evangelist

Secret Monitor of Canada or
Brotherhood of David and Jonathan

Induction

Princes

Grand Council of Allied Masonic Degrees

Excellent Master

Architect

Grand Architect,

Superintendent,

Masters of Tyre

St. Lawrence the Martyr

Knight of Constantinople

Grand Tyler of Solomon

Ye Antient Order of Corks

Masonic Order of the Bath

Royal Order of the Red Branch of Eri (additional six degrees)


1. “The Structure of Freemasonry.” Life. Vol. 41, No. 15. October 8, 1956. Time Inc., Chicago. [from a painting by Everett Henry] printed size: 21″ x 14″.

2. The Articles of Union were signed on November 25, 1813 by the Duke of Sussex and the Duke of Kent, and confirmed on December 27, 1813 prior to the constitution of the United Grand Lodge of England: Article II “…declared and pronounced that pure Antient Masonry consists of three degrees and no more, viz., those of the Entered Apprentice, the Fellow Craft, and the Master Mason, including the Supreme Order of the Holy Royal Arch.”

Ps: This list is not all inclusive. There are further rites within both regular and liberal masonry.For instance the Swedish Rite, witch is regular and worked in all Nordic countries + northern Germany. Swedish Rite:

  • St. John’s degrees
    • I Apprentice
    • II Fellow Craft
    • III Master Mason
  • St. Andrew’s degrees
    • IV/V Apprentice and Companion of St. Andrew (one degree)
    • VI Master of St. Andrew
  • Chapter degrees
    • VII Very Illustrious Brother, Knight of the East
    • VIII Most Illustrious Brother, Knight of the West
    • IX Enlightened Brother of St. John’s Lodge
    • X Very Enlightened Brother of St. Andrew’s Lodge
  • Grand Council honorary degree
    • XI Most Enlightened Brother, Knight Commander of the Red Cross
Since i refuse to get in to the whole regularity hooplah i would also like to mention:
The Ancient and Primitive Rite of Memphis-Misraim (99 degrees).
The Primitive Scottish Rite (not to be confused with the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite. Usually the one meant by “Scottish Rite”)

I. Apprentice

II. Companion

III. Master (formerly Companion Confirmed)

Red Lodges

IV. Installed Master (or Master of St. John or Master of Lodge)

V a. Master Scottish Knight of Saint-André

V b. Knights of Jerusalem (grade alternative to previous)

Internal Order

VI. Squire Novice of the Temple

VII. Chevalier du Temple

The French Rite

  1. Apprentice
  2. Companion
  3. Master

Four orders:

  • First order (4th degree) : Secret Elect
  • Second order (5th degree) : Scottish Grand Elect
  • Third order (6th degree) : Knight of the Orient
  • Fourth order (7th degree) : Sovereign Rose-Cross Prince, Perfect Free Mason, Grand Commander of the Temple

A fifth order has existed ever since the Rite’s origins, and is first mentioned in the first version of its Regulations in 1801. It is practised by the Grand Orient de France, the Grande Loge Nationale Française and the Women’s General Grand Chapter of France. Its main ritual (of the 80 rituals which Masons of this order have to study) is very close to that of the 28th Degree of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite corresponding to the “Knight of the Sun”.

The Rectified Scottish Rite (again not to be confused with The Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite).

  • Blue or Craft Lodges (lodges of St John)
    • Entered Apprentice
    • Fellow Craft
    • Master Mason
  • Green Lodges (Lodges of St Andrew)
    • Scottish Master of St Andrew
  • Inner Order
    • Novice Equarrie
    • Beneficient Knight of the Holy City
  • Secret Class
    • Profes
    • Grand Profes

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